THE HUMAN DIVER BLOG

Articles, thoughts, musings...all about improving yourself and your team to improve diving safety. If you like the article, please share it across social media so others can learn and reflect too...

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‘One mistake and you are dead’ – isn’t how accidents normally happen

AUTHOR: GARETH LOCK   CATEGORY: DECISION MAKING JUST CULTURE   LANGUAGE: ENGLISH

This phrase is often used to get people to pay attention to the hazards they face while undertaking a dive, especially a rebreather dive. If you don’t pay attention and make a mistake, then you are dead. The problem is that accidents don’t happen like this and as a consequence, we start to drift from ‘acceptable’ behaviour. 

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How safe is your diving?

AUTHOR: Gareth Lock   CATEGORY: TEAMWORK   LANGUAGE: English

What does safe mean to you? The dictionary defines safe as “protected from or not exposed to danger or risk; not likely to be harmed or lost” and in the context of diving, we often think about the physical risks. These can include decompression sickness, animal-induced injuries, separated from the team/boat, entanglement, lost within a cave system or running out of gas. These are all credible negative outcomes which we should be concerned about. In fact, a number of these appear in the 2008 research paper from DAN (Common causes of open-circuit recreational diving fatalities) which examined triggers, disabling event/injuries and causes of death in diving, and so they should be definitely considered as part of our risk management plans and diving plans. But is this the only safety you should be considering during training or 'fun' dives?

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The Importance of Decision Making in Setting Goals: Ensuring “The Juice is worth the Squeeze”

AUTHOR: GUY SHOCKEY   CATEGORY: LEADERSHIP   LANGUAGE: ENGLISH

It would be difficult to imagine a life that didn’t involve goals. Goals provide inspiration, direction and motivation for nearly everything we do. Goal setting is responsible for nearly all the amazing things that we do, from walking on the moon to diving into the Marianas Trench. In a simpler form, goals get us out of bed in the morning and help us put food on our table. Goals and goal setting are synonymous with human nature and part of who and what we are. Indeed, goal setting is almost always viewed as a positive act on our part and something that drives us to accomplish things.

In this article Guy compares the loss of eight high-altitude mountaineers including 2 world-class mountain guides to running a diver training programme or your own diving?

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Le meilleur est l’ennemi du bien

AUTHOR: JENNY LORD   CATEGORY: TEAMWORK   LANGUAGE: FRENCH

Il y a quelques temps, Gareth m’a demandé d’écrire, en tant qu’instructrice nouvellement certifiée en Facteurs Humains, un blog pour son site internet. Nous avons discuté d’un sujet et tout semblait parfait. Pourtant, malgré tous les efforts possibles, je ne parvenais tout simplement pas à expliquer le sujet aussi éloquemment que je le souhaitais. Nous avons donc eu une autre discussion, et j’ai essayé un sujet différent. Même résultat. 

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Lo perfecto es enemigo de lo bueno

AUTHOR: JENNY LORD   CATEGORY: LEADERSHIP   LANGUAGE: SPANISH

Hace poco tiempo Gareth me pidió que escribiera un blog para este sitio web, como instructora recién cualificada en Factores Humanos en el Buceo. Hablamos de un tema y todo parecía bien. Pero a pesar de intentarlo, simplemente no podia explicar el tema tan elocuentement como quería. Así que tuvimos otra charla y probe un tema diferente. Mismo resultado. El problema era que, no importa lo que escríbia, no sentía que coincidía con lo que Gareth y los otros nuevos instructors habían escrito. Y ahí fue cuando me di cuenta - yo mismo estaba descartando el Factor Humano.

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Predictive Profiling & diving: “what deviates, deserves attention!”

AUTHOR: Bart Den Ouden   CATEGORY: COGNITIVE BIASES   LANGUAGE: ENGLISH

On 30 May 1972 around 22:00 hours an Air France flight touched down at Lod Airport, now known as Ben Gurion International Airport, near Tel Aviv (Israel). Amongst the disembarking passengers were 3 Japanese tourists. Each of them carried a violin case and as soon as they entered the terminal building, they opened these cases. Instead of violins, they took out machine guns. They started shooting indiscriminately and also threw hand grenades as they changed magazines. Security was completely taken by surprise. How did this happen? This was seen as the start of the so-called Predictive Profiling. Until 20 May 1972 all terrorists, at least in the mind of the Israelis, were Arab. This meant the focus was on people who looked Arabic. Because this is what they thought terrorists looked like, obvious deviant behaviours and indicators were missed. In diving, we see what we expect to see, and miss the unexpected.

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Outcomes are so sexy and attractive…

AUTHOR: GARETH LOCK   CATEGORY: DECISION MAKING   LANGUAGE: ENGLISH

In the mid-1980s, there was a flight safety film produced which showed a Royal Air Force pilot walking out to his single-seat Jaguar fighter aircraft for a training sortie. He prepares the aircraft, starts it up and takes-off down the runway. Unfortunately, the aircraft has an engine failure immediately after take-off, but the pilot can’t jettison the external stores, and crashes and he dies because the aircraft doesn’t have enough power to fly on a single-engine given its full fuel load and the heavy external stores.

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The Best is the Enemy of the Good

AUTHOR: JENNY LORD   CATEGORY: SITUATIONAL AWARENESS   LANGUAGE: ENGLISH

A short while ago Gareth asked me to write a blog for this website, as a newly qualified Human Factors in Diving Instructor. We talked about a subject and all seemed ok. But try as I might, I just could not explain the topic as eloquently as I wanted. So, we had another chat and I tried a different theme. Same result. The problem was that no matter what I wrote, I just didn’t feel it matched up to what Gareth and the other new instructors had written. And that’s when it hit me- I was out Human-Factoring myself.

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Counter-errorism in Diving: Applying Human Factors Training to Recreational Diving

AUTHOR: Darryl Owen   CATEGORY: Human Factors Non-Technical Skills   LANGUAGE: ENGLISH

This article was originally published in the Emirates Diving Association magazine on 1 Mar 2020.

There is a growing focus on Human Factors and non-technical skills in the global diving industry, much of which is being driven by Gareth Lock, the UK-based founder of the system described on www.thehumandiver. com. His book ‘Under Pressure’ has helped thousands of people worldwide to take a fresh look at the way they think about diving.

You may be wondering what human factors and non-technical skills are, as it’s not something we talk much about locally.

To demystify these terms, let’s first talk about what they are not. These are not diving qualifications – they are not going to take you deeper or teach you about new diving equipment or diving skills (hence the term ‘non- technical skills’) and they are definitely not ‘just another cert card’ to add to your collection.

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The Good, the Bad and the Ugly!

AUTHOR: Helene Pellerin   CATEGORY: Decision-making Human Factors    LANGUAGE: English

Quebec, Canada, Wintertime – A couple of young people were driving from Quebec City to the Parc National des Monts-Valin, a paradise for snowshoeing. They were following the directions on their GPS - Global Positioning System - until the car got stuck in the snow… lots of snow. They tried to shovel it, but it just got worse… They were stuck on a snowmobile trail! How could this have happened? They were strictly following the indications of their GPS! Maybe that is the reason… they were strictly following the indications of their GPS. They were relying on the geolocation tool 100%, without any question… worse… without any thinking!

Helene draws parallels with this 'obvious' issue and the diving world.

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Profilowanie w celu przewidywania i nurkowanie: „to, co odbiega od normy, wymaga uwagi!”

AUTHOR: ANDRZEJ GORNICKI   CATEGORY: SITUATIONAL AWARENESS   LANGUAGE: POLISH

30 maja 1972 r. Około godziny 22:00 lot Air France wylądował na lotnisku Lod, znanym  jako Międzynarodowy Port Lotniczy Ben Guriona, niedaleko Tel Awiwu (Izrael). Wśród pasażerów wysiadających z samolotu znajdowało się trzech japońskich turystów. Każdy z nich niósł futerał i gdy tylko weszli do budynku terminalu, każdy z nich otworzył swój. Zamiast skrzypiec wyjęli karabiny maszynowe. 

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Tο ανθρώπινο λάθος στην κατάδυση. Eίναι πραγματικά τόσο απλό;

AUTHOR: Kostas Andreadis   CATEGORY: HUMAN FACTORS   LANGUAGE: GREEK

Είναι εύκολο να αποδίδουμε στο «ανθρώπινο λάθος» τα περιστατικά κατάδυσης επειδή συχνά δεν έχουμε επαρκείς λεπτομέρειες για το τι συνέβη πραγματικά. Επίσης, είναι εξαιρετικά εύκολο να κατηγορούμε κάποιον προσωπικά (ένα άτομο) αντί να αποδίδουμε το λάθος σε ένα ολόκληρο σύστημα. Μέρος αυτού του γεγονότος είναι ότι κάνουμε εσωτερική ανάλυση, αποστασιοποιούμαστε προσωπικά από το πρόβλημα και λέμε ότι δεν θα είχαμε κάνει εμείς αυτό το λάθος, που είναι μια φυσική ανθρώπινη αντίδραση.

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